Kastoria. Kastoria is a prefecture in the west of the Greek region of Macedonia, bordering Albania in the west. Capital of the prefecture is Kastoria town. From Thessaloniki and via the Egnatia motorway you get here within a half hour. The prefecture of Kastoria is breathtakingly beautiful. It is a mountainous region with high and low mountains, rivers and lakes.
The capital city of Kastoria is a real gem, it is on the shores of the namesake lake which is also is called the Lake of Orestiada. The town is built on the edge of the lake and at the same time on a peninsula that extends into the lake. The houses in the city are a mix of modern houses and traditional mansions. The houses on the peninsula are partly on the slopes of a mountain, here you can see many Byzantine and Post-Byzantine churches that were built during the Middle Ages.
Kastoria town, which lies about 700 meters above sea level, now has about 15,000 inhabitants. The name Kastoria is derived from the word Castor that means beaver. According to experts, in previous centuries have lived many beavers here.
In winter it can freeze here, often is the water of the lake frozen, you would almost be able to skate. In the city on the banks of the river are many lovely traditional and modern restaurants and cafeterias. Very cozy and quaint it is in the neighborhoods called Doltso and Apozari.
Around the lake and the peninsula is a road where you can see many cyclists and joggers. Here on the peninsula are the caves of the Dragon, several beautiful churches and the monastery of Panagia Mavriotissa. By car or on foot you can reach the peninsula to the top of the hill.
From above, and especially from Agios Thanasis and Profitis Ilias you have an impressive view over the lake, the city and the entire region up to the mountains of Vitsi and Grammos.
Kastoria is in Greece is well known for the fur processing, in addition, the inhabitants of the region are especially farmers, they export oranges, tangerines, lemons, apples, cucumbers and kiwis.
A very interesting place in the south of the lake of Kastoria is Dispilio. Here was in the year 1932 found a prehistoric settlement after the water level of the lake had dropped. From the year 1992 they started to excavate systematically and the remains of a village from the Late Neolithic era were found. The houses of the village were round and were built of wood, straw and clay.
There are regular direct flight connections between Kastoria and Athens (Athens Airways and Sky Express).
There are also daily bus connections with surrounding departments and with Athens and Thessaloniki.