Poros. Poros is one of the islands in the Saronic Gulf, administratively it belongs to the prefecture of Attica. Poros is a small island, it only covers an area of 23 sq.km. and has about five thousand permanent residents. It is near the coast of Peloponnese situated, opposite the town of Galatas.
In fact, Poros consists of two islands, namely Sferia and Kalavria. Sferia is the smallest island, it is a volcanic island, on this island is the largest part of Poros town built. The larger island, Kalavria, is a fertile, well-vegetated part of Poros. Between the two island is a narrow canal, the two islands are connected by a bridge.
Poros is a romantic island, an island of tranquillity. The island is mostly covered with pine trees, olive groves and lemon trees. The pine trees reach the rugged coastlines and sandy beaches of the island.
The most photographed attraction on Poros is the historical clock, on the top of the hil where the town is built. The clock is located in the middle of pine trees and cactus fig trees. From above you have an excellent view over the town and the coast of Peloponnese.
Poros town is lively, there are many neoclassical buildings. When you walk through the narrow streets, you can see everywhere whitewashed houses and bougainvillea’s. In the town, which is built on the slopes of a hill, are here and there lovely traditional taverns and kafeneions. There are many souvenir shops, bars, jewellers and boutiques.
What you definitely should visit in Poros town is the archaeological museum on the Korizi Square. See here objects from the temple of Poseidon and of Old Trizina. In the southeast of Poros are the monasteries of Kalavria, of Zoodochou Pigis of Poros that were built in the year 1713.
Poros is ideal as a base, from here you can start exploring the whole area including the Argo-Saronic islands (Aegina, Hydra, Angistri, Hydra and Spetses), the district Argolis in the Peloponnese (Epidavros, Nafplion, Mycenae) and of course Athens. It's also very nice to sail in this region.
Recent studies have shown that the island was inhabited since the Bronze Age. The graves that were found are dating from the Mycenaean period. In the old town of Kalavria is a temple devoted to the God Poseidon, the ruins of this are still accessible from a hill near the city.
From above you and amazing view to the Saronic Sea. Poros had a strategic and economic co-operation in the fourth century BC with neighbouring states and around islands. The centres in all of these places were always the Holy Temples of every place. At each place was a central temple. The Temple of Poseidon on Poros was built in the year 520 BC. It is a Doric temple consisting of six columns in the width and twelve columns in the length. The width is 14.40 meter, and the length is 4.27 meters. In this temple was the famous Greek Public Speaker Demosthenes sentenced to death.