Grevena. Grevena is a prefecture in the southwest of the Greek district of Macedonia. It borders both the district of Thessaly and the district of Epirus. Capital of the prefecture is Grevena town that has about ten thousand inhabitants. This part of Macedonia, was founded in 1964, as previously heard partly at prefecture Larissa and partly at prefecture Kozani.
Grevena is very mountainous, surrounded by high mountains and everywhere is plenty of running water, large and small rivers. The nature is beautiful and wild, in this area are many large forests. To the west the Pindos Mountains are located, which form a natural border with Epirus.
The capital city of Grevena, is located about 170 km from Thessaloniki and 160 km from the port of Igoumenitsa on the Ionian sea. By the Egnatia motorway Grevena is now easily accessible by car.
The town of Grevena aready existed in the Middle Ages and during the Byzantine period, even then it was an important town, it was a sort of transit point where all trade people travelled by. Grevena town is situated on the banks of the river Grevenitis, a tributary of the great river Aliakmonas. At the centre in the main square are many terraces where, especially in the summer, it is very cozy. Most inhabitants of Grevena today are farmers, the whole area is known in Greece for the production of mushrooms.
Ski center Vasilitsa: Vasilitisa is a ski center on the Pindos mountain, located in the west of Grevena. From Grevena town you are here by car within sixty minutes. As many as 12 ski runs are in Vasilitsa with a total length of 7.5 kilometres.
Vlachochoria: Around the area Vasilitsa many traditional mountain villages called Vlachochoria because the inhabitants of these villages were originally Vlachs. These villages are situated in the middle of a spectacular natural environment with wild forests and flowing streams. In this environment, live various species of birds and wild animals such as wolves, bears and deer. The most famous villages in this area include Smixi, Samarina, Avdella, Perivoli and Krania.
Valia Kalda: Valia Kalda is the Pindos National Park in the west of Grevena. Literally it means ‘warm valley’. It is surrounded by high mountains. It is a densely forested area where black pines and beeches are. Here live brown bears and all sorts of wild birds.
The village Paliouria: In the village Paliouria which lies 38 kilometres east of Grevena town, is the Byzantine monastery of Panagia Evangelistria. Another monastery near is that of the Holy Nikandros which was founded in the year 1534. The paintings of the saints that you see in the main church, are very similar to those of the Varlaam monastery at Meteora; probably those of the painter Frangos Kastellanos.
The village Ziakas: The village Ziakas is located 25 kilometres west of Grevena town at 900 meters altitude. The village is named after the Greek resistance hero Theodoros Ziakas which has fought against the Turks during the revolution of 1821 and during the revolutions of Macedonia in 1821 and 1878. The village lies in a beautiful setting surrounded by woods.
The Orliakas mountain: Mount Orliakas Located near the village Ziakas and is 1433 meters high. In these mountains are several caves where during World War II inhabitants of the region were hiding. On Orliakas live several raptors such as eagles and hawks. There is also a rare vegetation, including black pine, wild cherry trees, cedars and maples.
Grevena by bus from Thessaloniki and Trikala accessible. Buses from Grevena town are connected to all the villages of the prefecture.