Kavala. The prefecture of Kavala has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The first inhabitants of the area around Kavala were Thracians. Then in the seventh century BC came the Eretrians (from Euboea), then the Ionians and the Athenians. The former name of the town was Neapolis (New Town). Another important town in that period was Filipoi (Philippi). They were prosperous towns as a result of the gold mined in the Pangeo Mountain.
In the year 49, the Apostle Paul established the first Christian church in Europe. In 396 the town of Neapolis was completely destroyed by the Goths. Neapolis was rebuilt in the 5th century, but with the name Christoupolis.
During the Byzantine period, the town had great prosperity. In 1380 the Turks who occupied the country came and the renamed the town Kavala. In the 16th century Kavala again experienced prosperity. In 1913 Kavala was liberated and again belonged to Greece.
Kavala town is the capital of the prefecture. It is built amphitheatrically at the foot of the mountain Simvolo. Many characteristics of its old prestige remain. The Kamares, the house of Mehmet Ali and Turkish building Imaret are definitely worth a visit.
To get a panoramic view of the city you should visit Prophet Ilia church at the top of the hill. Also there are very nice beaches such as Kalamitsa, Nea Iraklitsa, Perigiali and Nea Peramos.
From the airport of Kavala it is a 35 kilometer (22 mi) drive to the city of Kavala. There are daily flights from Athens (1 hour flight). There are direct (charter) flights from several European cities. Kavala is accessible by boat from Piraeus and Rafina.
Text: Yorgos and Wendy Nikolidakis - Revised by Katrina Butzer