Kilkis. Kilkis is a Greek prefecture in northern Greece in the district of Macedonia. It lies north of Thessaloniki and is bordered to the north by the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). Capital of the department is the town of Kilkis.
In Kilkis town, has about 25,000 inhabitants and is located about fifty kilometres from Thessaloniki. Most residents of the town and of the whole prefecture are mainly farmers and peasants, but recently there has been a lot of industry in the area in Stavrochori.
The Axios river flows through the area and divides the prefecture into east and west. To the east are the mountains of Kerkini, Krousia and Mavrovouni. In the west, the mountains of Paiko. The Gallikos river flows through the area, this river rises in the mountains Krousia and was very known in antiquity because of the gold that was found in riverbeds.
Between the mountains lies the great fertile plains of Kilkis where mainly cereals, cotton and tobacco are growing. The town of Kilkis is built around the hill of Agios Georgios. At the top of the hill is the post-Byzantine church of Agios Georgios which was built in the year 1832. In the church can rare murals and painted ceilings be een. On the hill of Agios Georgios is also an amphitheatre, a war memorial and war museum of the freedom struggle of 1913 and down the hill, the archaeological museum.
At the slopes of the this hill is also the cave of Agios Georgios, one of the most extraordinary caves in Greece, a cave which is 1000 square meters. In the caves are fossils and bones of many animals such as hyenas, horses and deer.
The countryside around the city is very beautiful and from the hill you have an excellent view over the city and across the plain to the mountains. About 45 kilometres west of Kilkis lies Goumenissa, a picturesque town at the foot of the Paiko-Mountains. Goumenissa is not only known for its beautiful alleys and traditional houses but also because of the production of fine wines and the famous "tsipouro" (jevever). In this area are also delicious apples and cherries grown.
Six kilometers away is the village Evropos where archaeological excavations can be seen. Here is the only Macedonian 'Kouros' found, this is now in the Archaeological Museum of Kilkis where you can see it.
In Palio Gynekokastro, fifteen kilometres northwest of Kilkis town, are the ruins of a castle that was built in the Byzantine period (1328) by built by Emperor Andronikos III, on top of a hill 200 meters high. This castle served as a lookout over the rivers Axios and Gallikos.
In the north of the prefecture and on the border with FYROM, lies Lake Doirani with its beautiful scenery. The lake is 43 square kilometres, located mostly in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. In the summer people from the region come here seeking for coolness, one can indeed swim at this lake. At the lake are several sandy beaches. Nearby re several small idyllic villages. For example, the village of Doirani where many fish tavernas are, where you can enjoy carp, trout, eel, perch and crayfish.
In the west of the prefecture, at the Paikos Mountains, which has an altitude of 1500 meters, its bushy slopes, flowing water and small picturesque villages such as the villages of Griva, Livadia and Kastaneri. In the northwest of Kilkis, at 520 meters altitude on Mount Paiko, lies the village of Skra known for a battle that took place here during the 1st World War and was won by the Greeks against the Bulgarians. About 15,000 Greek soldiers took part in this war. In Skra is a war memorial in honor of the 605 Greeks who died here in Skra.
The airport of Thessaloniki, 60 kilometers from the city of Kilkis, there are daily flights from Athens (30 minutes flight). There are direct flights from several European cities (charters) as well as scheduled flights.