Fthiotida. Fthiotida is situated in the region of Central Greece, west of prefecture Euboea and south of region Thessaly. The capital of Fthiotida (Fthiotis) is the town of Lamia (220 kilometers (137 miles northwest of Athens). This town is located southwest of the wooded mountain Othri, right on the banks of the river Sperchios.
Fthiotida is also called the cradle of Amphictyonies. The Amphictyonic league was an ancient religious association of Greek tribes. The nature is impressive. There are beautiful lakes, verdant mountains, impressive canyons, a fascinating coastline, and fantastic forests.
Further enhancing the environment are ancient monuments, historical monasteries and churches.
16 kilometers (10 miles) southeast of Lamia is "Thermopyles,” which literally means "hot gates.” That name is derived from hot springs that are located here. In ancient times, this was the name of a narrow pass between the mountains and the Kallidromos Maliakos gulf. In 480 BC, an historic battle took place here, the battle of Thermopyles. This famous war between the Greeks and Persians was brought back to life via film in 2007, in the film, "300," starring Gerard Butler and Lena Headey. The film is about Spartan King Leonidas, who along with 300 Spartans fights to the last man against Persian King Xerxes and his massive army. The battle of Thermopyles has gone down in Greek history as the impossible battle that demolished the huge army of Xerxes of Persia.
Text: Yorgos and Wendy Nikolidakis - Revised by Katrina Butzer