Lakonia (Laconia). Laκonia is one of the seven prefectures of the Peloponnese. Located in the southeastern part of the Peloponnese, it borders to the east with the sea of Myrtoo and Arcadia, to the north to prefecture Arcadia, to the west to Messenia and to the south to the Gulf of Laconia and the Myrtoo Sea. In Laconia belongs also the islet Elafonisi.
The prefecture of Lakonia is mostly mountainous. Τhere are two mountain ranges, the Taygetos on the west and Parnon οn the east. Between the two ranges lies the basin of Evrotas, the only important river of Lakonia.
the prefecture of Lakonia is a purely rural area. Here are cultivated citrus fruits, cotton, vegetables and strawberries. This region is of one the most fertile regions of Greece. There are also many olive trees, wheat and vines.
In recent decades tourism has developed tremendously, well loved are the destinations Mystras, Monemvassia, Sparta, Gythio, Mani and the island of Elafonissos.
Gythio is the largest city in "Mani"; the middle arm of the southern Peloponnese was named to the castle of Mainia.To the east of the department is Lakonia Monemvasia in Greek means one entrance; the long road was and is the only access to the rock.
Mystras is located 5km north west of Sparta in the prefecture of Lakonia.