Aetoloakarnania (Aetolia-Acarnania). The prefecture Aetoloakarnania is the westernmost prefecture of Central Greece. The first inhabitants of this region were the Kourites. According to Greek mythology, they were great warriors with prophetic powers. After them came the Aetolians and the Akarnians who lived next to each other, the border between their lands was the Acheloos River.
Today, Aetoloakarnania the largest prefecture of Greece. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Amvrakikos and the prefecture Arta (region Epirus). In the west, it is bordered by the Ionian Sea. The Gulf of Patras is in the south and in the west are the prefectures of Evrytania and Fokida. It covers an area of 5,447 square kilometers (2,103 square miles). Less than 20% of the area is flat; high and low mountains cover the rest of the surface. The capital of Aetoloakarnania is the historical town Messolonghi, other important towns are Aktion, Nafpaktos and the economical center Agrinio.
Through the surface of Aetoloakarnania run three of the longest rivers of Greece (Acheloos, Mornos and Evinos). Trichonida, the largest lake of Greece with a surface of 96 square kilometers (37 square miles), is located there as are more lakes, six natural and three artificial. The highest mountain of the prefecture is the Panetolikon (1,924 meters/6,312 feet). The other highest mountains are the Akarnian mountains in the west, the Valtos mountains in the northwest, the Nafpaktia mountains in the southeast and Aracynthos mountain in the south.
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Text: Yorgos and Wendy Nikolidakis - Revised by Katrina Butzer