Evros. Evros is a prefecture of Greece, located in the Greek region of Thrace, in the northeastern part of Greece. It's one of the largest of Greece. And its capital is the city of Alexandroupolis. The prefecture of Evros is named after the river Evros, the largest river in the Balkans. The river Evros is also the natural border between Greece and Turkey. To the west, prefecture Evros borders the Greek prefecture of Rodopi, to the south it borders the Aegean sea and to the north its Bulgaria. The prefecture covers a total area of 4,200 sq.km (1,600 sq. mi.).
It's a beautiful area, with dense forests and habitats of great ecological significance. There are historical towns and major attractions. Dadia Forest and the Evros Delta are very famous for thier unique beauty and excellent landscapes. Only 10% of the region is mountainous. Evros is very fertile and flat. The main occupation of the inhabitants is the cultivation of their land and agricultural production. Cotton and wheat are primarily grown and there also many livestock breeders. During the last years, an increasing part of the young population is turning to the tourism industry. At the coast near Alexandroupolis, lots of new hotels have been built where young adults try to find jobs in the tourism sector.
In Thrace, on the border with Turkey, the Evros river forms a distinct delta. It covers an area of 200 km.sq. (77 sq. mi.) and it unique because of the presence of rare plants and animals. In the delta of Evros all possible land formations are found such as lagoons, islets, sandy beaches.
The Delta contains a unique variety of species and is a wetland of international importance. The area has been designated as a Special Protection Area. In total, 314 bird species have been identified, a very high number, especially when you compare it with the total number of bird species in Greece (412). It is an important wetland for migration and for overwintering of many bird species. Hundreds of thousands of birds, mostly from northern Europe and Russia can be observed here. Pelicans, swans and ducks feed in the lagoons of the delta in winter. During the twilight one sees them migrating to the south. A large number use the wetland as an intermediate stop for migration from Europe to Africa and back.
The rich biotopes host a unique diversity of fauna. In the river live 46 species of fish like the mulet and the common carp. In the broader area are more than 40 species of mammals and 28 species of reptiles and amphibians.
The Dadia forest covers the southeastern part of the Mountain Rodopi. It is known for its large forest of pine and oak which is home to rare birds including all kinds of hawks and eagles. The scenery is diverse, with pine and oak forests, white rocks and steep slopes, gorges and rivers, meadows and cultivated areas. Here live many wild animals like the wolf and the jackal. There is a rich reptile population, 41 different species live here like turtles, lizards and snakes. But also rare birds like the Black stork .
Text: Jorgos and Wendy Nikolidakis - Text edited by Katrina Butzer