Kythira  

 


Kythira - Ionian Islands (Greece)

KYTHIRA. Kythira is a quiet Greek island in the south east of Peloponnese belonging geographically to the Ionian Islands. It covers an area of 279 sq. kilometres, on the island live about 3500 permanent residents.

Kythira is a mountainous island where the mountains are not too high, the highest peak of the island is Mirmingaris (507 meters) which is located southwest of the village of Mylopotamos. The length from north to south is about 25 kilometres and 17 kilometers from west to east.

Kythira is situated  only twenty kilometers from the coast of Peloponnese, in the Middle Ages it was known as' Cerigo 'or' Tsirigo. It is a beautiful island, it looks more to a Cycladc island than to Ionian island.

You won’t encounter mass tourism here, the island has not the ability to accommodate thousands of tourists. On the island are pretty traditional villages, lovely secluded bays with beautiful beaches, historic castles and bridges and a beautiful nature with beautiful gorges, forests and caves.

The island's capital is Chora (Kythira Town) with about 300 permanent residents. On the island are sixty inhabited villages, most of which don’t count more than hundred people. The largest villages are  Potamos (500 inhabitants), Aghia Pelagia (300 inhabitants) and Ano and Kato Livadi (300 inhabitants).

On Kythira grows the yellow flower "Sempre Viva" (= always live), these flowers are dried and they make wreaths and bouquets from them.

Video Kythira

Video Kythira - ©Justgreece

Photo Gallery Kythira - Photos of Ionian Islands

Karavas Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 29 - Photo JustGreece.com Kythira town (Chora) | Greece | Greece  14 - Photo JustGreece.com Agia Pelagia | Kythira | Greece  Photo 62 - Photo JustGreece.com Karavas Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 22 - Photo JustGreece.com Kythira town (Chora) | Greece | Greece  27 - Photo JustGreece.com Kapsali Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 68 - Photo JustGreece.com Kythira town (Chora) | Greece | Greece  101 - Photo JustGreece.com Kaladi Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 38 - Photo JustGreece.com Mylopotamos Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 43 - Photo JustGreece.com Kythira town (Chora) | Greece | Greece  137 - Photo JustGreece.com Agia Pelagia | Kythira | Greece  Photo 104 - Photo JustGreece.com Kaladi Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 32 - Photo JustGreece.com Aroniadika Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 14 - Photo JustGreece.com Paliochora Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 43 - Photo JustGreece.com Karavas Kythira | Ionian Islands | Greece | Greece  Photo 48 - Photo JustGreece.com

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The history of Kythira

Kythira has a long and rich history, as already described in antiquit by Homer. Here on kythira was the Greek goddess of love Aphrodite born from the foam of the sea.

The island is inhabited since 6000 BC, that shows a vase that was found in the cave of Agia Sofia. Later brought Cretans the Minoan civilization to Kythira, they probably used the island as a stopover on the market to Peloponnese.

After the fall of the Minoan empire came the Mycenaean and after the Dorians, the Spartans and the Athenians. Here would Paris have spent his first night with Helena after they fell in love.

After the Greeks came the Romans and then the Byzantines (in 395) and the Venetians.

 Kyhtira is unlike the other islands in the Aegean Sea,  just three years occupied by the Ottomans (1715-1718). In the year 1798 the island was occupied by the French, one year later followed the Russians (in cooperation with the Ottomans).

In the year 1807 the French occupied Kythira but this occupation didn’t take long, there after came the English. On November 20 the United Kingdom of the Ionian Islands was founded with the capital Corfu Town.

In that period, the English building built significant works, including major bridges, roads, buildings and lighthouses. Since May 28, 1864 Kythira finally belongs to Greece.

Average temperature Kythira
January
11.5°C
February
11.5°C
March
12.9°C
April
15.2°C
May
19.4°C
June
23.3°C
July
25.5°C
August
25.9°C
September
23.4°C
October
19.7°C
November
15.7°C
December
12.8°C

Sights and tips on Kythira

  • The water source nations in Karavas. Karavas is a beautiful village, also visit the bakery which is housed in an old olive press.
  • The waterfalls in Mylopotamos.
  • The beautiful beach of Limionas.
  • The beautiful bay of Kaladi
  • The ruins of Paliochora.
  • The Venetiaansse castle in Kythira City, built in 1503.
  • The Monastery of the Holy Mother Mirtidiotissa.
  • The tourist village and harbor Avlemonas, 26 kilometers northeast of Chora (Kythira Town). In Avlemonas in 1802 the ship "Mentor" sank. The charge of Mentor images of Parthenon were the Elgin wanted to convey to the UK. Click here to visit the Venetian castle at the entrance of the harbor.
  • The tourist village of Aghia Pelagia, 26 kilometers north of Kythira Town.
  • The tourist village of Diakofti, with port. (30 kilometers northeast of Kythira City).
  • The traditional village of Potamos, with market on Sunday.
  • The traditional village of Livadi, 4 kilometers south of Kythira city.

Kythira in other languages


Kythira: Where on the map is Kythira located?

The map of Kythira

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